קום ra` "evil, bad" - like tob which means "good" ra` has a wide and non-specific range of meaning. Unlike tob, of which Amos makes average use, ra` is more frequent in this book. It partners tob at 5:14-15 and 9:4; in 3:6 it refers to the "evil" or "disaster" which God will bring as punishment (as it does at 9:4 and by implication at least 9:10); 5:13 and 6:3 in differing words refer to an "evil time" or "evil day".